Civil Engineering has come out from the military engineering and defined as anything other than the military is lies under the field of civil. Civil Engineering is the broadest of all other disciplines.
People are taking up this course because of plenty of choices to specialized. Taking up civil engineering course would be less risky. Less risky in terms of employment availability. And aside from easy to find jobs, the compensation is really different from other careers.
Here we will discuss some field of specialization of Civil Engineering that anyone can take part.
1. Transportation Engineering
Transportation engineering deals with planning and designing of infrastructure that could help in safe, efficient and quality movement from one place to another. Transportation Engineering is itself a broad term. It includes Highway Design Engineering, Bridges, and Tunnels, Railways, Airports and Airways, Waterways, Canals, and Pipelines.
2. Structural Engineering
As, the name says, Structural engineering is to analyze and design the structure, that could resist applied loads. These loads may include forces and stresses due to gravity loads as well as lateral forces. Structural Engineer works out material and sizes required for that particular structure that could make it durable, sustainable and constructible. The lateral forces of earthquake and wind are another detailed topic that could be specialized separately.
3. Construction Engineering
Construction Engineering brings the paperwork design to reality. Time, Cost and Quality are tangible parameters of construction engineering. Construction Engineer ensures the implementation of design and specifications at site.
Construction engineer’s responsibility is to confirm availability of material, equipment, and labor, identify any constraint and hazard, scope and trend, economical and safety aspect of a project. He schedules the cost and duration of a project and manages the execution throughout completion.
4. Geotechnical Engineering
Geotechnical engineering concern with the properties of soil and rocks on which the foundation of any structure have to be laid down. Properties of soil are so variable thus it is very difficult to evaluate the soil mechanics. Soil engineer experimentally workout soil types, bearing capacity, penetration tests, moisture content and shear capacities. On the basis of these result, the foundation of a structure is designed.
5. Material Engineering
Material engineering is the study of material properties used for construction purpose. Traditionally used construction materials are steel, wood, and concrete. By making small changes in these basic elements can bring miraculous results. A material engineer works out to bring innovative materials such as the addition of polymer and fabrics in reinforced concrete gives a high strength and flexible material.
6. Water Resources Engineering
Water Resources Engineering is the study of fluid mechanics, hydraulics and water resource management. Water Resource Engineer study the natural cycle of water and work out methods to use it efficiently. They observe all the natural water reservoir and ways to preserve them. They design facilities for supply of water to localities. They also design irrigation water supply system.
7. Environmental Engineering
Environmental engineering is the branch of civil engineering that deals with the environmental feasibility of a project. It concerns with the treatment of water, solid waste, chemical and industrial effluent that may pollute the environment.
Environment engineering deals with energy efficient, environmentally friendly, sustainable and green building construction techniques. It aims to provide safe drinking water, pollution free environment, recycling of water and waste material and renewable energy generation.
These civil engineering fields of specialization are all good to embark on your long life career, it’s just your decision that governs.